In addition to approving the domestic application store, which will be mandatory for installation, the State Duma approved a number of other legal initiatives.
Strengthening the protection of personal data
In the event of a leak of personal information about citizens of the Russian Federation, companies will have to notify the state about it within 24 hours, and after three days – provide an internal audit report and specify the responsible persons, if they are found.
Operators must notify government authorities of their intention to transfer users’ personal data abroad, and sometimes this possibility may be limited. And information from EDRN can be provided to third parties only with the consent of the owner of the object.
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Tax benefits for IT companies
First, about the restrictions: the authorities excluded food delivery services, taxis and banks from the list of benefits, because their margin “is already quite high.”
For other companies from the IT sphere, preferential rates of income tax (0% until December 31, 2024) and reduced rates of insurance premiums (up to 7.6%) are provided, writes Kommersant. They can be applied for by organizations that receive income from services for refinement, implementation and support of Russian software, provision of paid access to content, provision of educational services using online platforms, and others.
Reversal fines for IT giants
Such fines are provided for companies that do not comply with the requirements of the “landing” law, and will amount to 1/15 to 1/10 of the amount of their annual turnover near the Russian Federation.
In addition, the law envisages the responsibility of search engine operators, hosting providers and advertisers who do not fulfill their obligations towards “unearthly” organizations and, for example, continue to publish information about them in the search. And for the distribution of advertising on the site of the offending company, the advertiser may face a fine of up to 3 million rubles.